Original Research

Job characteristics and coping strategies associated with negative and positive work-home interference in a nursing environment

K Mostert, B Oosthuizen
South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences | Vol 9, No 4 | a1032 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajems.v9i4.1032 | © 2014 K Mostert, B Oosthuizen | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 10 May 2014 | Published: 22 May 2014

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K Mostert, North-West University
B Oosthuizen, North West University

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Abstract

The aim of this study is to determine which job characteristics and coping strategies predict negative and positive work-home interference (WHI) in the nursing environment. Random samples (n=300) were taken of registered nurses in the Johannesburg, Klerksdorp, Krugersdorp, Potchefstroom and Pretoria regions. A self-constructed questionnaire was used to measure job characteristics. The Coping Strategy Indicator (CSI) was used to measure coping strategies, and the Survey Work-Home Interaction-Nijmegen (SWING) to measure WHI. The results show that time demands, pressure, role clarity and colleague support are the main job characteristics that predict negative WHI. Problem-solving coping predicts less negative WHI and avoidance coping predicts more negative WHI. Time demands, autonomy and role clarity are the main variables that predict positive WHI. Problem-solving coping is the only coping strategy that predicts positive WHI. 


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