Original Research

Job crafting and its impact on work engagement and job satisfaction in mining and manufacturing

Leon T de Beer, Maria Tims, Arnold B Bakker
South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences | Vol 19, No 3 | a1481 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajems.v19i3.1481 | © 2016 Leon T de Beer, Maria Tims, Arnold B Bakker | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 05 October 2015 | Published: 05 September 2016

About the author(s)

Leon T de Beer, North-West University
Maria Tims, VU University Amsterdam, Netherlands
Arnold B Bakker, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Netherlands

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate job crafting and its relationship with work engagement and job satisfaction within the South African context. This research is important as job crafting has been shown to have a positive influence on employee motivation. A cross-sectional survey design was used to collect primary data from organisations in the mining and manufacturing industries of South Africa (N = 470). The results of multi-group structural equation modelling showed that the original four-factor structure of the job crafting scale was supported by the data, but that a three-factor structure was necessary due to a discriminant validity concern regarding two job crafting dimensions. Regression results revealed that increasing structural job resources with challenging job demands, and increasing social job resources were significant predictors of work engagement in both groups. Contrary to expectations decreasing hindering job demands was a negative predictor of job satisfaction in the mining group. Furthermore, increasing social job resources was also a significant predictor of job satisfaction in both groups. This study indicates the importance of job crafting for work engagement and job satisfaction in organisations.

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Crossref Citations

1. A Rasch Analysis of the Tims, Bakker, and Derks (2012) Job Crafting Scale
Sergio L. Peral, Madelyn Geldenhuys
Journal of Career Assessment  first page: 106907271878878  year: 2018  
doi: 10.1177/1069072718788787