Original Research

Economic policy making for environmental problems as an interactive learning process

M. P. de Wit
South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences | Vol 5, No 2 | a2678 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajems.v5i2.2678 | © 2018 M. P. de Wit | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 09 July 2018 | Published: 30 June 2002

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M. P. de Wit, Centre for Scientific and Industrial Research, South Africa

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The foremost limitation of public policy approaches is that the context of the public policy problem is not taken into account. In the case of complex and dynamic environmental problems, such as global climate change, there is a need for a framework for approaching economic policy that takes account of the complexity and changing realities of such problems. The objective of this paper is to present a framework to approach economic policy making in a case of such complex and dynamic environmental problems. The literature on economic and public policy theories, the need for a systematic policy design process and approaches to complexity and dynamics in policy making is framework available to one where the focus is on the best learning process to facilitate economic policy making on complex and dynamic environmental problems. Based on sociological models of experiential learning, a multiple-loop learning framework (MLLF) is presented. This model illustrates the importance of orchestrated science-policy interactions through interactive learning. The opportunities and limitations of this model are discussed with reference to the debate on economic policy for global climate change.


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