Original Research

Baselines for suppressed demand: CDM projects contribution to poverty alleviation

Harald Winkler, Steve Thorne
South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences | Vol 5, No 2 | a2683 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajems.v5i2.2683 | © 2018 Harald Winkler, Steve Thorne | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 09 July 2018 | Published: 30 June 2002

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Harald Winkler, Energy and Development Research Centre, University of Cape Town, South Africa
Steve Thorne, SouthSouthNorth Project, South Africa

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Projects implemented under the Clean Development Mechanism (COM) need to establish a baseline. The baselines is a projection of greenhouse gas emissions that would have occurred without the project. Establishing baselines that allow for sustainable development through COM projects is a key challenge, especially in poor communities. The COM rules explicitly allow for baselines that account for emissions "above current levels due to specific circumstances of host parties". This provision lends support to crediting of growth in demand for energy services where it is currently suppressed as a result of poverty and/or lack of infrastructure or suppressed demand. The question is whether the existing level of consumption is the baseline or the future expected level of consumption including "development" advances in provision of energy services and as a result of poverty alleviation is the baseline. Or should development be allowed to get dirty before it qualifies to become clean? The paper presents a baseline methodology that provides opportunities for suppressed demand to be predicted and counted.


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Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change  vol: 1  issue: 4  first page: 541  year: 2010  
doi: 10.1002/wcc.57