Original Research

A systematic literature review of the implementation and evaluation of the JOBS programme: A suggested framework for South Africa

Rachéle Paver, Hans De Witte, Sebastiaan Rothmann, Anja Van den Broeck, Roland Blonk
South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences | Vol 23, No 1 | a3049 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajems.v23i1.3049 | © 2020 Rachéle Paver, Hans De Witte, Sebastiaan Rothmann, Anja Van den Broeck, Roland Blonk | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 28 February 2019 | Published: 25 February 2020

About the author(s)

Rachéle Paver, Research Group Work, Organisational and Personnel Psychology, KU Leuven, Belgium; and Optentia Research Focus Area, North-West University, Vanderbijlpark, South Africa
Hans De Witte, Research Group Work, Organisational and Personnel Psychology, KU Leuven, Belgium; and Optentia Research Focus Area, North-West University, Vanderbijlpark, South Africa
Sebastiaan Rothmann, Optentia Research Focus Area, North-West University, Vanderbijlpark, South Africa
Anja Van den Broeck, Optentia Research Focus Area, North-West University, Vanderbijlpark, South Africa; and Work and Organization Studies, KU Leuven, Brussels, Belgium
Roland Blonk, Optentia Research Focus Area, North-West University, Vanderbijlpark, South Africa; Healthy Living, Toegepast Natuurwetenschappelijk Onderzoek (TNO), Leiden, the Netherlands; and Department of Human Resource Studies, Tilburg University, Tilburg, Netherlands


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Abstract

Background: South Africa is challenged with high levels of unemployment, comprising many people with low levels of education and also individuals who have never held a job before. Despite having many vulnerable participants, interventions aimed at the unemployed generally exclude psychosocial training and are methodologically weak.

Aim: The JOBS programme, a scientifically sound intervention, has been developed specifically to help people affected by unemployment to cope with the psychological effects. As a means of applying such a programme in South Africa, this study aimed to develop a framework based on the insights gained on the implementation and evaluation of the JOBS programme.

Methods: The study comprised a systematic review of literature regarding the JOBS intervention and its derivatives (n = 34).

Results: The results revealed that populations similar to the unemployed in South Africa had benefitted significantly regarding re-employment and mental health outcomes.

Conclusion: Suggestions derived from the literature included aiming the programme at the most vulnerable unemployed in South Africa: the youth and long-term unemployed. Furthermore, expanding the programme by adding an entrepreneurial component may yield positive results, considering the lack of employment opportunities in South Africa.


Keywords

JOBS programme; employment interventions; systematic literature review; unemployment; South Africa.

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