Original Research

Evaluating the macroeconomic ımpacts of IMF programmes in Latin America, 1975-2004: a GEE analysis

Ilhan Ozturk
South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences | Vol 11, No 2 | a308 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajems.v11i2.308 | © 2011 Ilhan Ozturk | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 27 September 2011 | Published: 28 September 2011

About the author(s)

Ilhan Ozturk, Cag University, Turkey

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Using panel data for 21 Latin Americancountries over the period 1975–2004, this paper analyzes macroeconomic effects of IMF programmes by using GEE methodology. In line with the results of previous studies, it is shown that these programmes have positive effects on the balance of payments, current account and investment. However, they negatively affect budget deficit, per capita GDP, FDI, inflation and consumption.


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