Original Research

Innovation outcomes of South African new technology-based firms: a contribution to the debate on the performance of science park firms

Kai-Ying Alice Chan, Leon Oerlemans, Thinus Pretorius
South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences | Vol 14, No 4 | a34 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajems.v14i4.34 | © 2011 Kai-Ying Alice Chan, Leon Oerlemans, Thinus Pretorius | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 25 June 2010 | Published: 06 December 2011

About the author(s)

Kai-Ying Alice Chan,, South Africa
Leon Oerlemans, Tilburg University, Netherlands
Thinus Pretorius, University of Pretoria, South Africa

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Science parks are often established to drive regional economic growth, especially in countries with emerging economies. However, mixed findings regarding the performances of science park firms are found in the literature. This study tries to explain these mixed findings by taking a relational approach and exploring (un)intended knowledge transfers between new technology-based firms (NTBFs) in the emerging South African economy. Moreover, the innovation outcomes of these NTBFs are examined by using a multi-dimensional construct. Results show that science park location plays a significant role in explaining innovative sales, but is insignificant when a different indicator of innovation outcomes is used. Furthermore, only for innovations that are new to the firms, both science park location and intended knowledge transfer via informal business relationships have a positive impact; whereas social relationships have a negative impact.


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