Original Research

The influence of agri-entrepreneurship courses studied on youth farm entrepreneurial intention: Evidence from Folk Development Colleges in Tanzania

Paschal B. Nade, Christian K. Malamsha
South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences | Vol 24, No 1 | a3788 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajems.v24i1.3788 | © 2021 Paschal Nade, Christian Malamsha | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 01 August 2020 | Published: 07 April 2021

About the author(s)

Paschal B. Nade, Department of Business Studies and Humanities, Nelson Mandela African Institution of Science and Technology, Arusha, Tanzania, United Republic of
Christian K. Malamsha, Department of Co-Operative Studies, Faculty of Co-Operative and Community Development, Moshi Co-Operative University, Moshi, Tanzania, United Republic of


Background: Youth engagement in agriculture in developing countries is of paramount importance since much of their livelihoods depend on this sector.
Aim: This article therefore aims at assessing the influence of studying agri-entrepreneurship courses on youth farm entrepreneurial intention.
Setting: Three of the 55 Folk Development Colleges (FDCs) in Tanzania.
Methods: A cross-sectional design was employed and 300 respondents were randomly selected from three FDCs offering agricultural programmes. Both qualitative and quantitative data were collected and analysed by using descriptive and inferential statistics in which frequencies, percentages, mean, standard deviation and Somers’s D Model were employed.
Results: The results show that there is a significant relationship between agri-entrepreneurship knowledge and skills acquired and youth entrepreneurial intentions towards farming.
Conclusion: The FDCs’ agri-entrepreneurial training provides knowledge and skills which influence youth farm entrepreneurial intention. However, the strength of this influence ranges from weak to moderate depending on various factors. Regular reviews of curricula to enhance the beliefs that develop a view of farm entrepreneurship as a paying business is recommended. The analysis and implication of this finding has been further explained.


agri-entrepreneurship courses; knowledge; skills; farm entrepreneurial intentions; unemployment; the youth.


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