Original Research

The economic impact of hunting: A regional approach

Petrus van der Merwe, Melville Saayman, Riaan Rossouw
South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences | Vol 17, No 4 | a439 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajems.v17i4.439 | © 2014 Petrus van der Merwe, Melville Saayman, Riaan Rossouw | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 12 September 2012 | Published: 29 August 2014

About the author(s)

Petrus van der Merwe, North West University, South Africa
Melville Saayman, North West University, South Africa
Riaan Rossouw, North West University, South Africa

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Abstract

The core of South Africa tourism industry is based on wildlife tourism.  Private game reserves and game farms which forms part of wildlife tourism constitute most of the wildlife products in South Africa.  On these private reserves and game farms, hunting is one of the major income generators for product owners.  The aim of this study is to analyse the economic impact of hunting on the regional economies of three of South Africa’s most important hunting provinces. The study used economic multipliers, input-output analysis, and related modelling processes through input-output (supply-use) tables and social accounting matrices (SAM). The results differed significantly for the three provinces, with Limpopo receiving the biggest impact (R2.6 billion) and the Free State having the highest multiplier (2.08). The geographical location of the game farms, the number of farms per province and the species available all influenced the magnitude of the economic impact of hunters over and above the traditional determinants of economic impact analysis. The implication of the research is that it will help product owners in the development of game farms or hunting products, contribute to policy formulation, especially for government decisions on what products to offer where, and how to create more jobs.


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1. Wildlife Conservation on the Rangelands of Eastern and Southern Africa: Past, Present, and Future
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doi: 10.1016/j.rama.2017.10.005