Original Research

Person–organisation fit, job satisfaction and intention to leave in the South African social development sector

Manare N. Maloba, Daphne Pillay-Naidoo
South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences | Vol 25, No 1 | a4572 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajems.v25i1.4572 | © 2022 Manare N. Maloba, Daphne Pillay-Naidoo | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 23 February 2022 | Published: 30 September 2022

About the author(s)

Manare N. Maloba, Department of Human Resource Management, Faculty of Economic and Management Sciences, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa
Daphne Pillay-Naidoo, Department of Human Resource Management, Faculty of Economic and Management Sciences, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa


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Abstract

Background: The South African public service sector continues to lose employees due to more favourable working conditions offered by organisations in the private sector. Understanding intention to leave (ITL) can help public service mangers and leaders retain their highly skilled and high performing staff.

Aim: The aim of the study was to determine the direct and indirect relationships between person–organisation fit (POF), job satisfaction (JS) and ITL in the South African social development sector (SDS).

Setting: The sample used in this study was drawn from the SDS in South Africa (n = 100).

Methods: Cross-sectional survey data were analysed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences 27. Hayes PROCESS macro was used to test the mediating effect of JS in the relationship between POF and ITL.

Results: Results indicated that POF shared a negative relationship with ITL, independent of the indirect relationship via JS, suggesting a partial mediation effect. The size of the indirect effect of POF on ITL, through JS, was larger than the direct effect of POF on ITL.

Conclusion: The study provides support for understanding the relationships between ITL, POF and JS. The findings of this study have managerial implications as it provides insights on how to retain employees and decrease turnover intention in the South African SDS.


Keywords

person–organisation fit; job satisfaction; intention to leave; social development sector; mediation effect

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