Original Research

New perspectives on the role of customer satisfaction and commitment in promoting customer citizenship behaviours

Estelle van Tonder, Leon T. de Beer
South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences | Vol 21, No 1 | a1894 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajems.v21i1.1894 | © 2018 Estelle Van Tonder, Leon T. De Beer | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 11 April 2017 | Published: 28 March 2018

About the author(s)

Estelle van Tonder, School of Management Sciences, Faculty of Economic and Management Sciences, North-West University, South Africa
Leon T. de Beer, WorkWell Research Unit, North-West University, South Africa


Background: It is widely accepted that the relationship quality dimensions of customer satisfaction and commitment may impact on customer citizenship behaviour. The positive effect of customer satisfaction on customer commitment is also undisputed within the relationship marketing literature.


Aim: It was the aim of this study to examine the extent to which customer commitment mediates and strengthens the relationship between customers’ perceived satisfaction and their citizenship behaviour. In the context of Internet banking, the study aimed to examine the extent to which customer’s commitment towards the service provider (the bank) strengthens the relationship between satisfaction with the service provided (Internet banking) and customer citizenship behaviour (consumer advocacy and the helping of other customers).


Setting: The study was conducted in the South African Internet banking environment, which could benefit from a model of factors contributing to customer citizenship behaviour, specifically the sub-dimensions of consumer advocacy and helping behaviour.


Methods: A descriptive and quantitative research design was followed and the survey responses obtained from 491 existing users of Internet banking services were used in the analysis.


Results: Following the structural equation model results, the direct relationships between all constructs were confirmed. Customer commitment, however, has only a partial mediating effect on the relationships between customer satisfaction and the sub-dimensions of consumer advocacy and helping behaviour.


Conclusions: From a theoretical perspective, the research findings provide more insight into the role of customer satisfaction and commitment in contributing to customer citizenship behaviour and the extent to which both relationship quality factors are needed in order to do so. From a practical perspective, banks should adapt their marketing strategies to facilitate greater relationships with customers responsible for citizenship behaviours. Customers promoting the benefits of the service to other customers and helping them to use the service may ultimately contribute to greater adoption and use of Internet banking services.


advocacy; customer citizenship behaviour; customer commitment; customer satisfaction; helping


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Crossref Citations

1. Navigating on Mobile Shopping Applications: Examining the Interplay among Online Customer Experience, Customer Brand Relationships and Customer Citizenship Behavior
Ishita Bansal, Anand Thakur
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doi: 10.1080/15332969.2024.2352668